Anatomy of a Crusade, 1213-1221 by James M. Powell

By James M. Powell

James M. Powell the following deals a brand new interpretation of the 5th Crusade's old and social effect, and a richly profitable view of lifestyles within the 13th century. Powell addresses such questions because the measure of renowned curiosity within the crusades, the non secular weather of the interval, the social constitution of the club of the campaign, and the consequences of the recruitment attempt at the end result.

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He hereby affirmed both the legal basis of the crusade as a just war and the theology of the crusade, as a means of salvation offered to Christians by God. He made no appeal for the conversion of the sultan, nor did he mention the differences between Christianity and Islam. Instead, he emphasized their common acceptance of the sovereignty of God. "53 For Innocent, the internal conversion of Christians would pave the way for the divine mercy to free the Holy Places. But he did not wish to tempt God by vain demands.

He was the author of a summa of theology with an excellent reputation as a preacher, and he had frequently served the curia in France. He was devoted to the cause of reform within the church. In 1212, Innocent III had promoted him to cardinal priest of St. Stephen in Coelio Monte in order to make use of his zeal and talents in the papal curia. The rea- Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Authenticated Download Date | 2/11/15 12:55 AM 26 Anatomy of a Crusade sons for the appointment of a cardinal legate are apparent from these letters.

10 Anatomy of a Crusade church with respect to the crusade. At stake was the initiative the papacy had forged for itself during the course of the twelfth century. Western Europe was awaiting the response of the pope, and Innocent III grasped fully the need to go beyond the actions of his predecessors, but he was determined to do so only on the basis of a thorough rethinking and a detailed plan. He was not about to commit the church to precipitous action that might well end in yet anodier failure.

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